What are the preconditions for widespread and systematic sexual and gender based violence (SGBV) in a society? The PSVAP project seeks to answer this question by identifying the factors associated with heightened risk of SGBV across countries, especially the relationship between endemic violence against women and extreme cases of SGBV in the Asia-Pacific Region.
Led by Prof. Jacqui True (Monash University) and Associate Prof. Sara Davies (Griffith University), this ARC Discovery Project investigates the causes of mass sexual and gender-based violence in conflict and post-conflict countries of the Asia-Pacific Region.
Widespread and systematic Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) has been recognised by the United Nations Security Council since 2000 (S/Res/1325) as a matter of international peace and security. Under the 1998 Rome Statute it is a crime against humanity, a war crime and an act of genocide. There are two explanations for mass SGBV: the presence of armed conflict and the existence of extreme gender inequality and oppression prior to onset of conflict. Yet, to date, we have little knowledge of how variations in the type of conflict and gender inequality contribute to SGBV crimes. This project will test and refine the two dominant and competing explanations for SGBV crimes to inform strategies for the prevention of SGBV where risk is high. The project will look at three different conflicts in the Asia Pacific – Myanmar, Philippines and Sri Lanka – each with different phases and intensity of conflict in order to identify the factors associated with heightened risk of SGBV across countries, especially the relationship between endemic violence and gender-based discrimination against women and extreme cases of SGBV.
Sara E. Davies is an Australian Research Council (ARC) Future Fellow and Associate Professor, Centre for Governance and Public Policy, School of Government and International Relations, Griffith University, Australia.
Jacqui True is Australian Research Council (ARC) Future Fellow and Professor of Politics and International Relations in the School of Social Sciences at Monash University, Australia.For further details contact: firstname.lastname@example.org or visit the home website